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Письмо гражданина США, выложенное на одном из американских форумов

К моему великому сожалению, народ Америки слишком бесхребетен, слаб и невежественен, и легковерно ведётся за нашими коррумпированными СМИ. Так что «Мы-народ» не остановим зверств, совершаемых от имени нашей страны. И это глубоко прискорбно.

Пишу эти строки с волнением и скорбью в сердце.

Никого не интересует, насколько далеко продвинулся Иран в своей ядерной программе - это такой пустяк, на который нет смысла обращать внимание. Это - повод. Только лишь. Разрушение Ирана одновременно ведет к решению двух задач - с карты мира исчезает одно из последних независимых государств и наносится еще один удар по Китаю. Точно так же всем глубоко плевать, кто кого и как угнетает в Сирии. Сейчас демократии там гораздо больше, чем лет 10 назад - но это ведь было 10 лет назад, а валить нужно сегодня - поэтому повод никому неинтересен. Какой нарисуют - такой и будет.

Уважаемый народ Ирана,

Я американец. У меня есть семья. Я не христианин, не мусульманин и не иудей.

В последнее время наши новостные СМИ изображают Иран, как врага. Я знаю, что в прошлом мы продавали вам оружие, одновременно продавая его Ираку. Мы пользуемся гнусными методами для удержания роли глобального гегемона, агрессора и скряги. Мы подвергаем бомбардировкам [целые] страны и накачиваем их СМИ ложью, порождая гражданские войны и раскол в [народных] массах. [По сути] мы – РАЗРУШИТЕЛИ мира.

Под «мы» я подразумеваю не Америку. Надеюсь, вы […] понимаете, что «мы» – это не американцы, а Военная Машина. Это война ради прибылей. «Мы», [которое подразумевает] американский народ, – не те, кто хочет напасть на вас. По правде говоря, я не знаю НИ ОДНОГО человека, который выступал бы за нанесение ударов по Ирану.

Теме вероятного удара США по Ирану уже не менее пяти лет. Ещё года два назад всерьёз рассматривалась возможность проведения ВС США в Иране полномасштабной военной операции, подобной иракской, то есть подразумевающей полную оккупацию страны. Сегодня очевидно, что подобный вариант снят с повестки дня. Сухопутные войска и морская пехота США находятся на пределе сил в Ираке и Афганистане, всё более серьёзной для Америки становится проблема нехватки личного состава для этих компонентов ВС. Соответственно, об оккупации страны, вдвое превышающей Ирак по территории и втрое по населению (причём население это относится к американцам крайне враждебно), не может быть и речи.

Есть группа бандитов-элитариев (если их так можно назвать), которые делают успешный бизнес на убийстве других людей; это дьяволы [в человеческом облике]. Они владеют компаниями, производящими военную технику, [а также] компаниями, осуществляющими восстановление стран разрушенных войной и наживающимися на этом (такими как Halliburton, Bechtel, Blackwater). Если и есть враг, то это НЕ американский народ. Ищите тех, кому это выгодно.

Сегодня утром я прочитал пост о том, что «Американский федеральный окружной суд постановил, что за терактами 11 сентября 2001 года стоит Иран» (источник), и у меня засосало под ложечкой. К моему великому сожалению, народ Америки слишком бесхребетен, слаб и невежественен, и легковерно ведётся за нашими коррумпированными СМИ. Так что «Мы-народ» не остановим зверств, совершаемых от имени нашей страны. И это глубоко прискорбно. Призываю вас покинуть страну, укрыться в надёжном укрытии или предпринять ещё что-то, ибо на вас вот-вот обрушится самая большая и современная военная машина. Мне очень, очень жаль.

Я сожалею об этом потому что воспринимаю вас как народ; как отцов и матерей; как людей, зарабатывающих свой хлеб; у которых есть малые дети; гетеро- и гомосексуалов; агрессивных и добрых; как людей, у которых есть неоплаченные счета и, быть может, автомобиль; пытающихся решить: придерживаться им дальше старых традиций или же снять свою паранджу… Я воспринимаю вас как НАРОД – точно так же, как воспринимаю своих соседей и друзей – как людей. Желаю вам тепла и удачи, и человеческой Любви.
http://www.chaskor.ru/article/prinoshu_svoi_iskrennie_izvineniya_narodu_irana_za_to_chto_my_vot-vot_unichtozhim_ego_26388

Steven Spielberg's Holocaust archive arrives in UK

Academics hope emphasis on survivors' testimonies will change the way in which war history is studied


Scene from Schindler’s List
Steven Spielberg's Schindler’s List was the catalyst for the director's work with the Shoah Foundation Institute. Photograph: SNAP/Rex Features

The arrival in Britain of an archive of tens of thousands of Holocausttestimonies will give much needed historical weight to the experiences of survivors, according to a leading scholar.

David Cesarani, of the Holocaust Research Centre at the University of London, believes that the US video archive, set up 18 years ago bySteven Spielberg, will help to rebalance a picture that has been dominated by the study of the perpetrators of the atrocities of the second world war.

The extraordinary catalogue of personal testimony, collected by theShoah Foundation Institute since the film director made Schindler's Listin 1993, is housed at the University of Southern California, but on Friday it was formally shared with academics and students at the research centre at Royal Holloway to mark Holocaust Memorial Day. The archive footage, which can be viewed by members of the public by appointment, chiefly features the memories of Jewish survivors, but some of the 52,000 videos also tell of the experiences of other persecuted groups, such as homosexuals and Jehovah's Witnesses, as well of those of the liberating troops.

Cesarani believes the archive facility will set British historical research in the right context. "It is going to have a huge impact," he said. "This is an authentic resource for British researchers and historians which will give them access to the experiences of people who have never written anything down. Too much of the history of the Holocaust has been about the perpetrators. The survivors, with a few exceptions, have tended to disappear from the scene."

Growing academic appreciation of the value of oral testimony will mean that the archive is well used, he believes. "Historians now understand that you don't go to an archive like this to find out exactly what happened on a given day. It is about recovering the perceptions of the victims at the time, and accepting there are going to be mistakes and errors," added Cesarani.

His views are echoed by Stephen D. Smith, executive director of the USC Shoah Foundation Institute in California. Smith and his brother James M. Smith, founded the UK Holocaust Centre in Nottinghamshire and the British-based Aegis Trust. "It's a mistake to think of it as a historical archive. It contains historical data, but it's a look at how society can unravel and unfold," Stephen Smith said. "This is a voice of a conscience of our age. It's there to help guide us and has a social value of conscience which I really hope can make a difference, and if it doesn't, we'll come to rue the day, but it won't be because the survivors didn't warn us."

Smith first came face to face with the truth of the Holocaust in 1991 at Yad Vashem, Israel's Holocaust Museum. "I started wondering why it was that British society hadn't dealt with that part of history." He became involved with the USC Shoah Foundation Institute because of his Holocaust studies and research into survivor testimony, which he sees as "the last word of defiance". He said: "The disempowered are now empowered through their own voices – but how prepared are we to listen?"

Smith hopes that non-specialists will also visit the archive. The USC Shoah Foundation Institute is broadening its archive to incorporate testimony from survivors of other genocides. It is collecting testimony in Rwanda, where the Aegis Trust set up the Kigali Memorial Centre in 2004. This year Rwandan and Armenian testimony should be added to the visual history archive.


Peace offering: Hiroshima's Memorial Park

Hiroshima's Peace Memorial Park bears witness in harrowing detail to the tragedy of nuclear weapons, says Jamie Lafferty

Candlelit lanterns float on the Motoyasu River
Candlelit lanterns float on the Motoyasu River in front of the Atomic Bomb Dome. Photograph: KeystoneUSA-ZUMA / Rex Features

It's a credit to Hiroshima's recovery that if the city were to change its name, you'd never guess its harrowing past. A few miles from Miyajima, one of Japan's most beautiful destinations, the city is lined with shopping malls, its inhabitants play baseball and football, it hosts festivals throughout the year and is famed for its oysters and okonomiyaki (Japanese omelette). In some ways, it's a very normal place.

But however much the city has moved on, Hiroshimans are determined no one should ever forget what happened here. A visit to the city's Peace Memorial Park tells the story, in excruciating detail, of the day the bomb fell, devastating the city and killing 140,000 people.

A Unesco world heritage site, the park is as distressing as it is informative – a strange mix for one of the country's leading tourist attractions. And with tickets costing ¥50 (42p), it is also one of the cheapest.

The A-Bomb DomeThe A-Bomb Dome. Photograph: Alamy

It's not an easy place to be. Little is left to the imagination: over 90% of the buildings in Hiroshima – many of them wooden – were damaged when the bomb was dropped on 6 August 1945. Little survived the blast, or the subsequent fires, but what is now called the A-Bomb Dome held its shape. Originally an exhibition hall, this now stands in a corner of the park like a charred scarecrow, a small example of how the city looked immediately after the explosion.

Code-named Little Boy, the Hiroshima bomb (three days later, Fat Man was dropped on Nagasaki) was only the second nuclear device ever detonated. When its creator, J Robert Oppenheimer, stood in the desert watching the infamous Trinity Test he was reminded of the Hindu verse: "I am become death, destroyer of worlds." His colleague, test director Kenneth Bainbridge less poetically but no less accurately remarked: "Now we are all sons of bitches." So unknown was the bomb's potential to kill and maim, that Hiroshima had been deliberately spared by the extensive allied fire-bombing campaign for several months. They wanted an accurate measure of how their device could devastate an urban setting.

The exhibits go well beyond recounting the devastation of that August day, going into terrifying detail about bombs that the former Soviet Union and the US have since tested in Siberia and the Pacific. Many of those devices were several thousand times stronger than the Little Boy.

The numbers involved and the potential future devastation are difficult to comprehend. To put it in context, the museum warns of a "nuclear winter", an apocalyptic state in which the effects of an atomic war block out the sun and slowly kill the planet. Disneyland, this is not.

Naturally, by far the most distressing section of the museum depicts Little Boy's arrival – a child's scorched tricycle, a series of grizzly photographs showing what happens to human bodies when they face weaponised nuclear power, a step onto which the shadow of a man has been scorched. He was sitting waiting for a bank to open when the sky exploded.

Meanwhile, downstairs there is a collection of letters. Each mayor of Hiroshima has written a letter of protest every time a world leader carries out a nuclear test. Hundreds of these ignored appeals line the walls of the museum. The most recent was written to Barack Obama last June highlighting the Fukushima nuclear disaster.

Back outside the museum in the centre of the park is an eternal flame in memory of the thousands of people who died on that day, and months later through radiation poisoning. The light will be extinguished when the last nuclear missile is decommissioned, but for now, the mayor of Hiroshima keeps writing.

Elsewhere, perhaps the saddest section of the park is dedicated to the children who died such as Sadako Sasaki, a schoolgirl who survived the blast only to be eaten away by leukaemia a decade later. While in hospital, she started folding paper cranes, trying to reach 1,000, a number said to grant a wish from the gods. However, the illness claimed her when she had completed 644 (other sources say she actually made it to 1,000). When she had passed away, Sasaki's family and classmates completed the chain and buried it with her. This practice continues for anyone afflicted, and Sasaki's statue at Children's Peace Monument is often besieged with origami.

A Japanese man looks at an archive photograph of the US atomic bombing of HiroshimaA Japanese man looks at an archive photograph of the US atomic bombing of Hiroshima. Photograph: Franck Robichon/EPA

More than a million people visit the Memorial Park a year, and it is impossible to come away without being deeply affected. Most are teenagers on school trips. Watching them shuffle around the museum, it struck me that perhaps the reason Japanese people often make the peace sign when posing for a photo is that they know its value more than most.

• Hiroshima Peace Memorial website
For more information go to the Japan National Tourism Organisation's website: jnto.go.jp/eng


наша современность

в мире, где бросаются словами, улыбаются назло бывшим или несбывшимся, меряются брендами и томиками Коэльо, ценят выше всего то, что уже завтра будет обитать на помойке.
Эльчин Сафарли

Сказка или сон

Сегодня Алисино настроение.
Кэрролл навеял мне Страну чудес с самого утра, и даже ночью мне приснилась она, белокурая девочка в синем платьице и беленьком передничке, пухлый заяц с часами в лапах, прелестный шляпник с кокаиновым взором, чайные сервизы и гора булок "Съешь меня", синяя гусеница в привычной дымовой завесе, лапушка Чешир...
И стало так радостно и по-детски воодушевленно.

«А что это за звуки, вон там» – спросила Алиса, кивнув на весьма укромные заросли какой-то симпатичной растительности на краю сада.
«А это чудеса», – равнодушно пояснил Чеширский Кот.
«И.. И что же они там делают» – поинтересовалась девочка, неминуемо краснея.
«Как и положено, – Кот зевнул. – Случаются»… (с)


Льюис Кэрролл создал даже не сказку, а сладкий сон, который может увлечь, любого недальновидного и одеревенелого взрослого в чудесную страну, позволить ему вспомнить свое теплое детство, которое, казалось бы, навсегда стерлось из анналов памяти. И тут же перед глазами предстает солнечный день, крики детворы за окном, мамины щи на столе, старенькое храпящее радио на полке. И взор становится мягче и волнующе игрив, и в серьезном дяде Иванваныче вдруг просыпается тот маленький непоседливый светловолосый Ванька в коротких штанишках, бегущий по двору с криками "Кто не спрятался я не виноват".
А для чего еще нужны книги, как не воскрешать наши воспоминания?
Оригинал взят у lilasbleu в Фотовыставка в Париже "Страхи в городе"
Фотовыставка в Музее монет и медалей (сам музей закрыт на ремонт до 2012 года) "Страхи в городе" Насилие и жестокость в Париже

"Peurs sur la ville"
,  21 января - 17 апреля 2011
A la Monnaie de Paris
- 11 quai de Conti, 75006 Paris

На фотовыставке "Страхи в городе" представлены фото из архива журнала "Paris Match". Парижане на баррикадах в 1944 году, манифестации 1968 года, против войны в Алжире, теракты 80-90 -х годов, поджоги в горячих пригородах 2005 года... Много трупов, раненых, крови... Фотографии довольно редкие, записала названия, но мало висит в интернете.

Смотрим некоторые. 6 мая 1968 года манифестант против полиции. © Georges Melet / archive Paris Match


Далее много фотоCollapse )
Оригинал взят у p_i_f в Вестник нищеброда. Самые дорогие книги.
Предлагаю познакомиться с очень дорогими книгами. Удивительно, что даже книги нашего времени продаются с ауккционов за очень большие деньги. Итак:

1. Первая книга Уризена, Уильям Блейк.

Первоначально напечатанная в 1794 году, Первая книга Уризена - одна из самых важных частей книг из серии пророческих работ, написанных Блейком. Этот экземпляр был продан на Нью-Йоркском аукционе Сотбис в 1999 году за 2,5 млн. долларов частному коллекционеру.

Читать дальше ...Collapse )

Вопрос дня: 5 минут

Я бы села и пересмотрела фотографии из детства.
Если бы вам осталось жить 5 минут. Что бы вы сделали?

Loch Ness Monster


The Loch Ness Monster is a creature believed to inhabit Loch Ness in the Scottish Highlands. It is similar to other supposed lake monsters in Scotland and elsewhere, though its description varies from one account to the next. Popular interest and belief in the animal has fluctuated since it was brought to the world's attention in 1933. Evidence of its existence is largely anecdotal, with minimal and much disputed photographic material and sonar readings. The scientific community regards the Loch Ness Monster as a modern-day myth, and explains sightings as a mix of hoaxes and wishful thinking. Despite this, it remains one of the most famous examples of cryptozoology.

Exotic species of large animals

Plesiosaur

Plesiosaurs, by Heinrich Harder, 1916. In 1933 the suggestion was made that the monster "bears a striking resemblance to the supposedly extinct plesiosaur", a long-necked aquatic reptile that went extinct during the Cretaceous–Tertiary extinction event. At the time this was a popular explanation. The following arguments have been put against it:

Plesiosaurs were probably cold-blooded reptiles requiring warm tropical waters, while the average temperature of Loch Ness is only about 5.5 °C (42 °F). Even if the plesiosaurs were warm-blooded, they would require a food supply beyond that of Loch Ness to maintain the level of activity necessary for warm-blooded animals.
In October 2006, the New Scientist headlined an article "Why the Loch Ness Monster is no plesiosaur" because Leslie Noè of the Sedgwick Museum in Cambridge reported, "The osteology of the neck makes it absolutely certain that the plesiosaur could not lift its head up swan-like out of the water". However, this does not rule out the reports where a head and neck was not seen.
The loch is only about 10,000 years old, dating to the end of the last ice age. Prior to that date, the loch was frozen solid for about 20,000 years.
If creatures similar to plesiosaurs lived in the waters of the Loch Ness, they would be seen very frequently as they would have to surface several times a day to breathe.
In response to these criticisms, proponents such as Tim Dinsdale, Peter Scott and Roy Mackal postulate a marine creature which has become trapped and has evolved either from a plesiosaur or to the shape of a plesiosaur by convergent evolution.

Education makes sins profound.


What are sins? Big and small deeds that serve as marks of disobedience to God, breaking his holy law. And how is education connected with it? Does it make sins profound? Does it cause greater sins? It’s going to be an interesting investigation…

In the past people used to think that knowledge led to nothing but degeneration and unrest on minds. Many outstanding personalities were burnt, killed, hanged and humiliated for being stuck to their principles and beliefs. People thought it was the only possible way to burn Giordano Bruno together with his brilliant theory to stop the heresy. And who were they? Uneducated rabble, fools blinded by the religion they had created themselves. In this case, I would rather change the topic into “Stupidity makes sins profound”.

I don’t see much evil in the desire of getting knowledge. On the contrary, it helps us to see the world and judge what’s happening in it soberly. Knowledge enriches our souls and makes us feel happier in the darkest of days…

It’s the lack of education that causes big troubles which may later result in sins.

Like in the Middle Ages, there are still some people who disapprove of getting much knowledge considering all sciences being the evil’s trap. They refer to the famous Biblical fable about the Tree of Knowledge.

When God created Adam and Eve, He generously gave them all the prosperity of the world. Everything on Earth belonged to them and was at their disposal. Everything except the Tree of Knowledge. He warned them not to eat any fruit from that tree. But the Devil seduced Eve and made her eat a fruit from the tree. He promised her to have the eternal mind that would approach her to gods. That was the first human sin. As Bible teaches us, at this point people stopped being immortal. Adam and Eve passed “Sin” and “Death” to their children, so that when we are born we are already sinful.

I’m sorry for leading you away from the main topic. That’s my biggest problem. I can be easily carried away by some peculiar subject. The thing is I’m quite keen on some Biblical questions.

As I see it, education does not make sins profound. It’s just not that powerful to conquer them…